Časť 5: Interesting

D, T, N + E, I, Í, IA, IE, IU = "soft" pronunciation

Each letter in Slovak alphabet has a district sound, however, some consonants can be pronounced in a different way - depending on their position.

The consonants d, t, n before e, i, í, ia, ie, iu in Slovak words are pronounced as [ď, ť, ň]: dieťa [ďieťa], ticho [ťixo], pani [paňi].

It means there is the same pronunciation as in ďalej, ťažký, koňak, even though the mark ˇ is not written in these cases. It is so-called „soft" or palatalized pronunciation of d, t, n.

Ď, ť, ň are palatal sounds corresponding to English sounds in during, tutor, new.

Listen and repeat the following words:

desať, divadlo, vidí, sedia, dieťa, hadiu, teplo, deti, fotí, veštia, tieň, labutiu, nechcem, nič, zvoní, vonia, nie, paniu

D, T, N + E, I, Í, IA, IE, IU = "hard" pronunciation

In the following cases we pronounce d, t, n: 

A: pronouns: ten (and forms , tie, tej), tento, tamten, onen, words: jeden, teda, teraz, vtedy,

B: before suffixes of nouns (kráľovnej), adjectives (pekní, peknej), numerals (o desiatej, o štvrtej), participles (rekonštruovaní, rekonštruovanej...),

C: in the words which contain prefix od-, pod-, popod-, pred-, nad- (odísť, podísť, predísť...),

D: in foreign words or loan-words (diplom, telegram, politika...).