Časť 1: Slovak alphabet

Dialóg: Slovak alphabet

The Slovak alphabet contains the following letters taken from Latin alphabet system (latinka) combined with diacritical marks:

a, á, ä, b, c, č, d, ď, dz, dž, e, é, f, g, h, ch, i, í, ia, ie, iu, j, k, l, ĺ, ľ, m, n, ň, o, ó, ô, p, r, ŕ, s, š, t, ť, u, ú, v, y, ý, z, ž

Letters Q, W, X
They are used in adopted or foreign words: boutique, whisky, western, saxofón, xantipa.

 
Diagraphs DZ, DŽ, CH, IA, IE, IU
They are considered single characters: medzi, džem, chata, piatok, nie, novšiu.

 
Diacritical marks
Some Slovak letters have diacritical marks:

 
' = dĺžeň  (á, é, í, ó, ú, ý, ĺ, ŕ) – the prolongation mark; indicates that long vowels and long consonants are pronounced twice as long as the short ones, e.g. áno, éter, vír, óda, úvod, mýtus, stĺp, vŕba

 

ˇ = mäkčeň (ď, ť, ň, ľ, ž, š, dž, č) – the softening mark; indicates palatalized („soft“) pronunciation of consonants
ďakujem, ťava, daň, ľavý, život, škola, džez, čo

 
¨ = dve bodky (ä) – only above the letter a; ä is pronounced as e
mäso, päť, pamäť

 
ˆ = vokáň (ô) – only above the letter o; means the pronunciation of the diphthong [uo].
nôž, kôš, kôň