Časť 2: Grammatical gender

Rod substantív

In Slovak every noun belongs to one of the following gender groups: 

masculine personal nouns (Mo)
masculine non-personal nouns (M)
feminine nouns (F)
neuter nouns (N)

It is very important to know the gender because nouns determine forms (endings) of other words in a sentence.

When talking about people, there is always agreement between grammatical and natural gender, e.g. Carlo, kolega, futbalista are masculine personal nouns and Johanna, Zuzana, kamarátka, profesorka, Ruth are feminine nouns.

It is mostly easy to identify gender of other nouns as its ending in the base form (Nominative Sg.) indicate the gender:

suffix -0 (= no ending)

masculine nouns

kurz, víkend, problém, Ivan

suffix -a  

feminine nouns

škola, univerzita, Jana

suffixes -o, -e, -ie

neuter nouns

číslo, Nemecko, more, poschodie

  


GENDER OF NOUNS

 

However, feminine nouns are also some of those nouns that end in the zero suffix (they have a consonant as their last letter): noc, vec, chuť,... (You will have just to learn which they are. Frown)

And also those nouns that end up from -osť, -áreň:

 
 suffixes -osť, -áreň
= feminine: miestnosť, lekáreň, cukráreň

 

There are some neuter nouns that finish in the suffix -a: dievča, zviera, dieťa and some words describing babies of animals which finish in the suffix -a, e.g. mača, šteňa...

 

suffix -a (in some cases)
= neuter
: dievča, zviera, dieťa

 

Some neuter nouns also finish in the Latin suffix -um: štúdium, gymnázium, múzeum.


suffix -um
= neuter: štúdium, gymnázium, múzeum