Časť 2: Grammatical gender
In Slovak every noun belongs to one of the following gender groups:
masculine personal nouns (Mo)
masculine non-personal nouns (M)
feminine nouns (F)
neuter nouns (N)
It is very important to know the gender because nouns determine forms (endings) of other words in a sentence.
When talking about people, there is always agreement between grammatical and natural gender, e.g. Carlo, kolega, futbalista are masculine personal nouns and Johanna, Zuzana, kamarátka, profesorka, Ruth are feminine nouns.
It is mostly easy to identify gender of other nouns as its ending in the base form (Nominative Sg.) indicate the gender:
suffix -0 (= no ending)
kurz, víkend, problém, Ivan
škola, univerzita, Jana
suffixes -o, -e, -ie
číslo, Nemecko, more, poschodie